The X Files

starring David Duchovny and Gillian Anderson.

Created by Chris Carter

Season Three

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50. The Blessing Way (part 2)

Writer Chris Carter

Director R W Goodwin

guests: Mitch Pileggi (Assistant Director Walter Skinner) Peter Donat (William Mulder) Floyd "Red Crow" Westerman (Albert Hosteen) Melinda McGraw (Melissa Scully) Sheila Larken (Margaret Scully) Nicholas Lea (Alex Krycek) William B. Davis (Cigarette Smoking Man) John Neville (Well-Manicured Man) Tom Braidwood (Frohike) Jerry Hardin (Deep Throat)

Scully finds her career with the FBI in jeopardy as Mulder is still missing and The Cigarette Smoking Man is pursuing the stolen files. The Navajo elders find Mulder's body in a cave and perform an ancient ceremony to call the spirit back to the empty vessel.

NOTE: The Blessing Way Chant is an actual ceremony performed by some Native American tribes.

  • Dedication: "In Memoriam. Larry Wells, 1946-1995" Larry Wells was a costume designer on the series.
  • Mitch Pileggi is now billed under an "Also Starring" heading, ahead of the rest of the guest cast.
  • This is the first episode that Syndicate assassin Luis Cardinal (Lenno Britos) appears in, though he is not named until "Apocrypha".

    51. Paper Clip (part 3)

    Writer Chris Carter

    Director Rob Bowman

    guests: Mitch Pileggi (Assistant Director Walter Skinner) Walter Gotell (Victor Klemper) Sheila Larken (Margaret Scully) Melinda McGraw (Melissa Scully) Nicholas Lea (Alex Krycek) William B. Davis (Cigarette Smoking Man) John Neville (Well-Manicured Man) Tom Braidwood (Frohike) Dean Haglund (Langly) Bruce Harwood (Byers) Floyd "Red Crow" Westerman (Albert Hosteen)

    AD Skinner and Scully are at a standoff when Mulder bursts in and discovers that Skinner has the digital tape. Reuinited, Mulder and Scully travel to a secret vault inside a mine and find an elaborate filing system of medical records which reveals that Mulder's sister may not have been the first choice for abduction. Meanwhile, Skinner deals with The CSM for their safety.

    NOTE: Walter Gotell is no stranger to clandestine work, having played General Gogol, head of the KGB, in half a dozen James Bond movies. This episode marks the first appearance of John Nevilleīs Well-Manicured Man. In one scene at the conspiracy club a caller asks for him by name, and it sounds as if his name is "Mr. Wilson.".

  • Dedication: "In Memoriam. Mario Mark Kennedy, 1966-1995" Kennedy was a major fan of the show who organised many on-line sessions on the Internet. He died in a car accident shortly before the 3rd season premiered.

    52. D.P.O.

    Writer Howard Gordon

    Director Kim Manners

    guests: Aaron Poole (Bystander) Giovanni Ribisi (Darin Peter Oswald) Jack Black (Bart 'Zero' Liquori) Ernie Lively (Sheriff John Teller) Karen Witter (Sharon Kiveat)

    Mulder and Scully investigate a series of human and cattle deaths by lightning and are led to a teenage boy who is the only survivor out of five people recently hit by lightning strikes.

    NOTE: Mulder and Scully find the yearbook picture of Sharon Kiveat stuck between the pages of a Playboy magazine. Actress Karen Witter once modelled for Playboy.

  • The song 'Hey Man Nice Shot' by the band Filter is featured in the opening of the episode, and later on, as Darin kills his friend Zero. Singer of the band Filter, Richard Patrick is the brother of Robert Patrick who would go on to play Agent John Dogget in the final seaons of the series.

    53. Clyde Bruckman's Final Repose

    Writer Darin Morgan

    Director David Nutter

    guests: Peter Boyle (Clyde Bruckman) Stu Charno (Puppet)

    In the midst of a psychic sideshow while on a murder case, Mulder and Scully enlist the help of a man who may have a true psychic ability to forsee how people will die to help the agents catch a man killing fortune tellers.

    NOTE: Peter Boyle and Darin Morgan both won Prime-Time Emmy awards in 1996 for this episode, for Outstanding Guest Actor and Outstanding Writing respectively.

    54. The List

    Writer Chris Carter

    Director Chris Carter

    guests: Bokeem Woodbine (Sammon Roque) Badja Djola (Napoleon "Neech" Manley) John Toles-Bey (John Speranza) Ken Foree (Vincent Parmelly) April Grace (Danielle Manley) J.T. Walsh (Warden Leo Brodeur)

    No-one takes much notice when a death row inmate vows on the electric chair to come back from the dead and kill 5 men who have wronged him during his time in prison; until a guard is mysteriously murdered in the former inmate's cell.

    55. 2Shy

    Writer Jeffery Vlaming

    Director David Nutter

    guests: Timothy Carhart (Virgil Incanto) James Hardy (Detective Alan Cross) Catherine Paolone (Ellen Kaminski)

    A man with a genetic abnormality who must prey on overweight women in order to suck the fatty tissue from their bodies, begins to meet his victims through Internet chat rooms.

    NOTE: Willie Garson, who plays Roach in this episode, returns as the luckiest man in the world Henry Weems in Season 7's The Goldberg Variation.

    56. The Walk

    Writer John Shiban

    Director Rob Bowman

    guests: Thomas Kopache (General Thomas Callahan) Willie Garson (Quinton 'Roach' Freely) Don Thompson (Lieutenant Colonel Victor Stans) Nancy Sorel (Captain Janet Draper) Ian Tracey (Sergeant Leonard 'Rappo' Trimble)

    After a suicide attempt and multiple murders at a military hospital, Mulder and Scully meet a quadruple amputee who has gained the power of Astral Projection and is taking out his personal frustrations on his commanding officers.

    57.Oubliette

    Writer Charles Grant Craig

    Director Kim Manners

    guests: Tracey Ellis (Lucy Householder) Michael Chieffo (Carl Wade) Jewel Staite (Amy Jacobs) Ken Ryan (Special Agent Eubanks)

    Mulder seeks the help of a woman whom he believes has a special connection with a young girl who has recently been kidnapped by the same man who held her captive many years earlier.

    NOTE: An Oubliette is a medieval dungeon having a trap door in the ceiling as its only means of entry or exit. It is derived from the French word 'oublier' meaning "to forget".

    58. Nisei (part 1)

    Writer Chris Carter/Howard Gordon/Frank Spotnitz

    Director Rob Bowman

    Mitch Pileggi (Assistant Director Walter Skinner) Stephen McHattie (Assassin) Raymond J. Barry (Senator Richard Matheson) Robert Ito (Dr. Takeo Ishimaru) Tom Braidwood (Frohike) Dean Haglund (Langly) Bruce Harwood (Byers) Steven Williams (X)

    An investigation into a video of an alien autopsy puts Mulder and Scully in the middle of a conspiracy involving WWII Japanese scientists brought to America to continue their experiments which may shed light on Scully's abduction.

    NOTE: Stephen McHattie is credited as 'Red-Haired Man' at most sources but on-screen, he noticeably does *not* have red hair, compared to Agent Scully or Agent Pendrell.

  • 'Nisei' is the Japanese word for a person born in America or Canada to Japanese parents (who were born in Japan). Translated literally, it means 'second generation'.
  • This episode introduces the love-struck Agent Pendrell, whose hard work in the FBI Sci-Crime lab proves invaluable through the 3rd and 4th seasons. He is more than willing to put in the long hours and get the job done for his favourite agent, Dana Scully.
  • The "Red-Haired Man" is supposedly named Malcolm Gerlach, even though (to the best of my recollection) he's never called by that name onscreen.

    59. 731 (part 2)

    Writer Frank Spotnitz

    Director Rob Bowman

    Colin Cunningham (Escalante) Stephen McHattie (Assassin) William B. Davis (Cigarette Smoking Man) Michael Puttonen (Conductor) Robert Ito (Dr Ishimaru/Shiro Zama) Steven Williams (X)

    Mulder is trapped inside a train car which contains a suspected alien-human hybrid and also a bomb, while Scully pursues the truth about her abduction and the mystery behind the implant in her neck.

    NOTE: The number on the boxcar in which the alien autopsy takes place is 82594. This recalls the date, August 25th 1994, when Chris Carter made his directing debut, for the episode 'Duane Barry'.

  • This episode's tagline is changed to 'Apology is Policy', spoken by Scully shortly before the end: "... and what they can't cover, they apologize for. Apology has become policy."
  • The name of the doctor, Takeo Ishimaru, and his alias, Shiro Zama, is an amalgation of the name of the real head of Unit 731, Dr. Shiro Ishi.

    60. Revelations

    Writer Kim Newton

    Director David Nutter

    guests: Kevin Zegers (Kevin Kryder) Sam Bottoms (Michael Kryder) Kenneth Welsh (Simon Gates) Michael Berryman (Owen Jarvis) Hayley Tyson (Susan Kryder) R. Lee Ermey (Reverend Patrick Findley)

    Mulder and Scully swap roles as they pursue a man killing priests that claim to have the wounds of Christ and the agents find and must protect a young boy who may be a real stigmatic. While Scully's faith draws her close to the boy, Mulder is convinced of another explanation.

    61. War of the Coprophages

    Writer Darin Morgan

    Director Kim Manners

    guests: Bobbie Phillips (Dr. Bambi Berenbaum) Raye Birk (Dr. Jeff Eckerle) Dion Anderson (Sheriff Frass) Bill Dow (Dr. Rick Newton)

    Widespread panic is caused in a small community after numerous deaths are linked to killer cockroaches and a government agricultural agency is discovered to have set up a secret experiment involving insects.

    NOTE: Scully is reading Breakfast at Tiffany's, a reference to David Duchovny's appearance on Celebrity Jeopardy. The Final Jeopardy question referred to this Truman Capote novel. Unfortunately, David guessed wrong and lost the game.

  • Tyler Labine and Nicole Parker, credited as the "Stoner" and the "Chick" respectively, return later this season in Quagmire.

    62. Syzygy

    Writer Chris Carter

    Director Kim Manners

    guests: Dana Wheeler-Nicholson (Detective Angela White) Wendy Benson-Landes (Margie Kleinjan) Lisa Robin Kelly (Terri Roberts) Garry Davey (Bob Spitz)

    A rare planetary alignment causes strange behaviour in the residents of a small town but particularly in two teenage girls who were born at the exact same moment on that particular date.

    NOTE: Fans of Two Guys and a Girl will recognise star Ryan Reynolds (Berg) as the doomed Jay 'Boom' DeBoom in the teaser.

  • Grover Cleveland Alexander High School featured in this episode is a reference to a question David Duchovny missed on Celebrity Jeopardy. David said after that he thought he was still on the sports section. He confused the pitcher (Alexander) with the president (Grover Cleveland).
  • The name of the town, 'Comity', also means 'courtesy'. As we watch Mulder and Scully enter the town, on the other side of the intersection we see a road sign that says 'Leaving Comity' (how true, once they enter, no one is civil to each other). As they leave, the camera passes the road sign that states 'Entering Comity' (thankfully true again, since everything goes back to normal after they leave).

    63. Grotesque

    Writer Howard Gordon

    Director Kim Manners

    guests: Mitch Pileggi (Assistant Director Walter Skinner) Levani Outchaneichvili (John Mostow) Kurtwood Smith (Agent Bill Patterson)

    A serial killer is captured after a three year manhunt and he claims an evil spirit is responsible for the crimes. When the killings continue as he sits in jail, Mulder's battle with a former colleague gets more heated when he suggests that something more paranormal may be involved.

    NOTE: Agent Nemhauser is named after X-Files Post Production Supervisor Lori Jo Nemhauser.

  • Kurtwood Smith is no stranger to Sci-Fi as he's played many parts in Star Trek and the president of The United Federation of Planets in Star Trek six The Undiscovered Country.

    64. Piper Maru (part 1)

    Writer Chris Carter/Frank Spotnitz

    Director Rob Bowman

    guests: Mitch Pileggi (Assistant Director Walter Skinner) Robert Clothier (Commander Chris Johansen) Jo Bates (Jeraldine Kallenchuk) Nicholas Lea (Alex Krycek)

    A French salvage ship searching for a lost WWII fighter jet unknowingly surfaces an alien which appears in the form of black oil and has the ability to jump hosts. Mulder heads to Hong Kong to investigate the salvage broker who sold the information to the French and he encounters Krycek, who has been selling information from the MJ Documents. As Mulder prepares to take Krycek back to the US, the alien makes its way to Hong Kong and takes control of Krycek.

    NOTE: This episode's title and the name of the ship featured are named after Gillian Anderson's daughter, Piper Maru Anderson, who was born during season 2. 'Maru' was particularly fitting as it is the Japanese word for 'ship', but no, Gillian didn't name her daughter after a boat; it also means 'flower' in Polynesian.

  • The deep-sea diver Gauthier is named after the shows effects supervisor, Dave Gauthier. For this episode, Gillian Anderson received her first Best Actress Emmy Award nomination.

    65. Apocrypha (part 2)

    Writer Chris Carter/Frank Spotnitz

    Director Kim Manners

    guests: David Kaye (The Doctor) Mitch Pileggi (Assistant Director Walter Skinner) John Neville (Well-Manicured Man) William B. Davis (Cigarette Smoking Man) Tom Braidwood (Frohike) Dean Haglund (Langly) Bruce Harwood (Byers) Nicholas Lea (Alex Krycek)

    Mulder pursues Krycek, not knowing about the alien that has taken over his body, to get back the DAT tape containing the MJ Documents. Meanwhile, the shooting of AD Skinner uncovers evidence that could lead Scully to her sister's murderer.

    NOTE: Apocrypha means "Writings of dubious authenticity". 'Apocrypha' are also books of the bible excluded from the Jewish and Protestant canons of the Old Testament.

  • Kevin McNulty (Agent Fuller) previously appeared in the same role in season 1's 'Squeeze".

    66. Pusher

    Writer Vince Gilligan

    Director Rob Bowman

    guests: Mitch Pileggi (Assistant Director Walter Skinner) Robert Wisden (Robert Patrick Modell) Vic Polizos (Agent Frank Burst)

    Mulder and Scully are asked to help in a case concerning the escape of a murderer possessing the ability to force his will onto other people by suggestion and he forces Mulder into a battle of mind over matter.

    NOTE: FBI Agent 'Holly', who beats up Skinner, owes her name to writer Vince Gilligan's girlfriend, Holly Rice.

  • Loudoun County is a real community and is where writer Vince Gilligan was born and raised.
  • Nirvana drummer and Foo Fighters member David Grohl and his wife, Jennifer Youngblood-Grohl, can be seen in the background as Modell enters the foyer of the FBI building.
  • In the teaser where Modell is taken into custody, he looks at a tabloid with a monster on the cover. This monster bears a striking resemblence to the one from Season 2's The Host.
  • The character of Modell is based on a similar premise as the character of the father in the movie Firestarter. In fact in the movie his power is described as pushing, just as Modell's is.

    67. Teso Dos Bichos

    Writer Jon Shiban

    Director Kim Manners

    guests: Vic Trevino (Dr Alonso Bilac) Janne Mortil (Mona Wustner) Tom McBeath (Dr Jerrold Lewton)

    The unearthing of an ancient Ecuadorian Amaru Urn and its removal to America despite protests leads to a series of deaths linked to a shaman spirit released by the urn.

    NOTE: As well as the name of the area where the Urn was discovered, "Teso" is Portuguese for "burial ground" and "Bichos" means "small animals".

    68. Hell Money

    Writer Jeffrey Vlaming

    Director Tucker Gates

    guests: B.D. Wong (Detective Glen Chao) Michael Yama (Shuyang Hsin) Lucy Liu (Kim Hsin) James Hong (Hard-Faced Man)

    The deaths of several Chinese men found to be missing vital internal organs that were removed prior to death leads Mulder and Scully to a deadly Chinatown lottery where men wager their body parts for a chance to win a cash jackpot.

    NOTE: This is the first of several episodes throughout the series to be completely devoid of a paranormal storyline.

  • Lucy Liu maybe better known as Ling Woo in Ally McBeal or Alex Munday in the Charlie's Angels films.

    69. Jose Chung's From Outer Space

    Writer Darin Morgan

    Director Rob Bowman

    guests: Charles Nelson Reilly (Jose Chung) William Lucking (Roky Crikenson) Larry Musser (Detective Manners) Daniel Quinn (Lt Jack Scheaffer) Jesse Ventura (Man in Black) Jason Gaffney (Harold Lamb) Sarah Sawatsky (Chrissy Georgio) Allan Zinyk (Blaine Faulkner)

    A alien abduction of two teenagers with endless versions of the same story prompts a science-fiction novelist to write a book about the incident; except no-one involved with the investigation can tell him the full story with any accuracy.

    NOTE: The small role of Alex Trebek as the 2nd Man-In-Black is an in-joke poking fun at David Duchovny's appearance on Celebrity Jeopardy.

  • Detective Manners is named after Director Kim Manners, who is known on the set for his 'colourful phrasing'.

    70. Avatar

    Writer Howard Gordon (Story by David Duchovny/Howard Gordon)

    Director Rob Bowman

    guests: Mitch Pileggi (Assistant Director Walter Skinner) Tom Mason (Detective Waltos) Jennifer Hetrick (Sharon Skinner) William B. Davis (Cigarette Smoking Man)

    During a one-night stand in the midst of his divorce, AD Skinner becomes a murder suspect, and Mulder and Scully return the many favours that he has done for them by analyzing evidence that someone doesn't want uncovered to prove his innocence.

    NOTE: 'Avatar' is a Sanskrit word meaning the human incarnation of a deity. The word has also become popular on the internet as the term used to describe a user's screen name in a chat room or forum.

  • Jennifer Hetrick is better known to Star Trek fans as Vash.

    71. Quagmire

    Writer Kim Newton

    Director Kim Manners

    guests: Mark Acheson (Ted Bertram) Timothy Webber (Dr Paul Farraday) Chris Ellis (Sheriff Lance Hindt) R. Nelson Brown (Ansel Bray)

    Mulder and Scully investigate a series of disappearances and attacks around a lake where Mulder believes that the local legend about a lake monster may be all too real.

    NOTE: A quagmire is land with a soft, muddy surface, or a difficult or precarious situation.

  • Scully's dog is named Queequeg after the harpoonist in "Moby Dick", a story her father read to her when she was growing up. Their nicknames for each other (Ahab and Starbuck) come from the same book.
  • Scully obtained Queequeg after the dog's former owner died in "Clyde Bruckman's Final Repose", in which the little beast dines on the old lady's entrails. Queequeg also makes a screen appearance in "War Of The Coprophages", getting and escaping from the midst of a flea bath.
  • Most of the third act (know to most X-Philes as the Conversation on the Rock) was written by none other than an uncredited Darin Morgan ("Humbug", "Clyde Bruckman's Final Repose", "War of the Copropahges", "Jose Chung's 'From Outer Space'", his last writing job for the show.

    72. Wetwired

    Writer Mat Beck

    Director Rob Bowman

    guests: Colin Cunningham (Dr Henry Stroman) Mitch Pileggi (Assistant Director Walter Skinner) Sheila Larken (Margaret Scully) William B. Davis (Cigarette Smoking Man) Tom Braidwood (Frohike) Dean Haglund (Langly) Bruce Harwood (Byers) Steven Williams (X)

    After a man kills three people and his wife because he mistook them for a ruthless middle eastern dictator, Mulder and Scully discover a test involving mind control using television signals that make people's worst fears become real in any form.

    NOTE: One name which pops up in several episodes is 'John Gillnitz' (in this case, the man killed in the hammock). The name is a combination of the 3 staff writers/producers: John Shiban, Vince Gilligan, and Frank Spotnitz.

    73. Talitha Cumi (part 1)

    Writer Chris Carter (Story by David Duchovny/Chris Carter)

    Director Howard Goodwin

    guests: Mitch Pileggi (Assistant Director Walter Skinner) William B. Davis (Cigarette Smoking Man) Peter Donat (William Mulder) Jerry Hardin (Deep Throat) Roy Thinnes (Jeremiah Smith) Brian Thompson (Bounty Hunter) Steven Williams (X)

    Mulder and Scully search for a mysterious man with the power to heal whose actions risk exposing the existence of aliens on Earth, while a confrontation between Mrs. Mulder and the CSM leads Mulder to the discovery of the only weapon which can kill the aliens.

    NOTE: 'Talitha Cumi' is Aramaic for "Little Girl Arise", used in the Bible when Jesus raises the young daughter of a Jewish leader from the dead.

  • Extras that appear in the restaurant scenes include cinematographer John Bartlet's daughter, first assistant director Tom Braidwood's daughter, key grip Al Campbell's daughter, and three of stunt coordinator Tony Morelli's children.
  • Roy Thinnes is of course quite familiar with aliens, even shape-changing ones, having played David Vincent in Quinn Martinīs classic SF/paranoia series, THE INVADERS (1967-1969) which exerts as much an influence on The X-Files as "Kolchak: The Night Stalker", the Darren McGavin series Chris Carter always quotes as the X-Files grandaddy show.


    "Paper Clip"

    MULDER: Do you know what we found last night?

    SKINNER: What?

    SCULLY: An extremely elaborate filing system of medical records.

    MULDER: Locked inside a mountain vault.

    SKINNER: For the purpose of?

    MULDER: I don't know. But the answer's got to be on that tape, in those files.

    SKINNER: Is that answer worth your lives?

    MULDER: It's obviously worth killing us for.

    SKINNER: In your wildest dreams, what do you possibly hope to find, Agent Mulder?

    MULDER: Why they killed my father... and what happened to my sister... and what they did to Agent Scully.


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